Blog 5: Community Resilience
A resilient community is capable of bouncing back after a disaster. This is effective when communities prepare for any disaster including economic, social, and environmental change. As Norris et al. describes in the article “Community Resilience as a Metaphor, Theory, Set of Capacities, and Strategy for Disaster Readiness,” community resilience as a set of networked adaptive capacities. Following these steps reduce vulnerability:
1. Communities must develop economic resources, reduce risk and resource inequities and attend to their areas of greatest social vulnerability.
2. Local people must be engaged meaningfully in every step of mitigation process.
3. Pre-existing organizational networks and relationships are the key to rapidly mobilizing emergency and ongoing support services for disaster survivors.
4. Interventions are needed that boost and protect naturally occurring social supports in the aftermath of disasters.
5. Communities must exercise flexibility and focus on building effective and trusted information and communication resources that function in the face of unknowns.
Communities that practice and prepare for disasters using these steps are less likely to be vulnerable and react positively after a disaster. The following video shows how the country Nepal prepares for natural disasters that they are prone to.Residents of Nepal actively teach children in schools and neighboring communities how to act before, during, and after a disaster
Although we cannot always predict when a disaster will strike, Americans are knowledgeable of how to prepare and act during crises. This knowledge reduces risk and allows communities to work together to establish strong resilience.