Research done by: Samantha R. Difranco, Rachel E. Michaels, Jordan P. Emmer, Eric M. Schmeisser, and Brittney R. Roberts
Opening my various social media apps, I notice everyone’s mother has taken over Facebook and Pinterest, while Twitter feed and Snapchat is dominated by brands, celebrities and those few funny ‘friend-of-a-friend’s’. So where did everyone go? I open my Instagram app and scroll through the photos. Selfie of my friend… Nike shoes… a birthday collage dedicated to someone I don’t know… tree branches. Wait, I stop. 386 likes. My brother’s girlfriend posted a photo of tree branches against a blue sky captioned with a cat emoji and 386 people liked it. This is incredible.
Instagram is a simple app with one main purpose; to share photos. It launched in 2010 and as of September 22nd, 2015, it has 400 million monthly active users (Instagram, 2015). The numbers make it clear that visuals are the future in social media. When students meet for the first time they don’t exchange phone numbers or names to find each other on Facebook anymore, but rather they exchange Instagram handles.
But, how does a photo of tree branches receive 386 likes? Everyday people, like you and me, have over 7,000 followers on the app and they post photos with hundreds to thousands of ‘likes’. It seemed to us, this is a trend in the younger generations, though we wanted to do some research ourselves because we are fascinated by this popularity of Instagram.
In order to explain the fascination behind Instagram we asked the following research questions:
RQ1: What types of pictures are being posted to Instagram by Mizzou Students?
RQ2:What are the attitudes and interests of Mizzou students using Instagram?
RQ3:What are the attitudes and interests of Mizzou students using Instagram?
To conduct our study, we surveyed 182 students at the University of Missouri using an online Qualtrics survey. Participants were all completely voluntary and were required to be a full-time undergraduate student, age 18-24, and currently attending the University of Missouri. Out of the 182 participants, 156 had Instagram. We administered our survey by posting it on MU related Facebook pages, such as MU Class of 2016 and MU Class of 2020, and by asking our peers to participate. This ensured that we got participants from each age group and class at MU. The survey was open for three weeks and two days.
We asked 21 quantitative, closed-ended questions about how often students posted to Instagram, what types of pictures they are posting and how often, and questions measuring the attitudes and interests of Instagram users at MU. We chose this method in order to get clear-cut and precise results and calculations. We also asked for each participant’s gender and student classification in order to cross-tabulate our findings and analyze the differences in ways that each class and gender uses Instagram.
In order to answer our research questions, we asked the following: What types of pictures do you post to Instagram and how often? How often do you post to Instagram? Do you care about how many likes you get? Is Instagram a big deal to you? Do you care about how many people follow you? Do you wish that you had more followers?.
We analyzed our data by using Qualtrics’ data analysis and drawing percentage amounts of the amount of people that had Instagram. We cross tabulated our results with the participants gender and student classification.
We believe the study worked because we were able to track Instagram usage habits of University of Missouri undergraduates. We were able to obtain a sample of 182 undergraduate students who had taken twelve or more credit hours at Mizzou in the current semester. We then did a cross tabulation between freshman and seniors and between genders.
For our first research question, “What types of pictures are being posted to Instagram by Mizzou students?”, we found most people post photos of friends, family, nature and MU-related activities. Of the respondents, 99% of females, 88% of males, 94% of freshmen, and 100% of seniors all said they post pictures of friends and family. 65% of all boys and 88% of seniors post pictures of nature. Lastly, 77% female, and 64% freshman posted pictures of MU.
Our second question asked, “What are the attitudes and interests of Mizzou students using Instagram?”. This question found that everyone cares about how many likes they receive. Both 69% of females and 69% of freshman say that they do care about how many likes they receive, while 40% of boys and 51% of seniors care.
Our third question asked, “How often do Mizzou students post to Instagram?”. The research question found that 52% of females post more than once a week to instagram while 43% of all freshman post more than once a week.
Instagram is a place for visual storytelling. It created a community for sharing images and a new way of expressing oneself through visual engagement. This generation has a lot to say about where they are, what they are doing, items they bought, and the friends that they have. After some time of posting images you create a visual storyboard of your life for the world to see. Instagram has made taking photos more enjoyable and memorable. Before I created an account, I actually hated taking pictures and being in them. However, now everybody, including myself, enjoys taking pictures, adding filters, posting it to Instagram, and seeing how many people ‘like’ your photos. If you have an Instagram account, odds are you have already checked it once or twice today. Due to this popularity we decided to look into the social media site and its usage between younger and older generations.
Using quantitative questions to get a clear understanding and precise results, our group, then looked to Qualtrics to aid in analyzing our data. We surveyed 182 full time Mizzou students ages 18-24 and only 26 did not have Instagram accounts. Females, as well as freshman, tend to use Instagram more when compared to males and seniors. Also, it is eminent that all participants care about how many ‘likes’ they receive on their pictures. Naturally, the things we love most are being posted to our social media community.
The world we live in is constantly evolving, and there are several forms of communication, some people would have never imagined. This information is crucial in understanding how college age students communicate today because it is part of our culture. Our results tell us that Instagram is important in everyday life for this generation. Students would like for other individuals to see what they consider important in their life, through a picture. The photos become objects of value, and students at MU are communicating with them. ‘Likes’ can bring attention and awareness to the daily activities of students and can even bring the community closer together. They say a picture is worth a thousand words, but on Instagram that same picture is worth far more.
- This post shows that American’s attitudes and opinions about physician assisted suicide is changing. 68% of U.S. adults say that it should be permitted and 28% think it should not be. Those that think that it should be permitted have increased 10% in the past year and 17% in the past two years. I thought this article was interesting because it also showed that despite the above percentages, 56% of Americans think that physician assisted suicide is morally acceptable and 37% think that it is morally wrong. Also, 8 in 10 young adults between the ages of 18 and 34 favor these laws. This article also showed that those that are religiously unaffiliated are twice as likely to favor these laws as those who are religiously affiliated.
- This data was found through a survey conducted by Gallup, a company that conducts public opinion polls. In the survey, participants were asked if they thought that a doctor should be allowed to assist a patient in suicide if the patient has a painful and incurable disease, and then if they thought that this was morally acceptable. Participants have been asked the same questions since 1997 and the answers were compared to get the presented data. The age, race, religion, as well as different situations in which assisted suicide might be permissible where also asked of the participants in order to find answers for the rest of the data.
- How many people took part in this survey? Also, since this survey was conducted in May, could these number have changed since California legalized physician assisted suicide in September?
- This post shows that the use of painkillers in Missouri has exponentially risen in the past decade. The use of painkillers such as Percocet, Vicodin and Oxycontin has increased 137 percent from 2005 to 2015. I chose this post because I found the data interesting and surprising. It was interesting that the article also said that the rate of use in St. Louis has increased 162 percent in the past 10 years. Also, the rate of use in Missouri is extremely higher than the average national rate but is leveling off.
- This study was conducted the Missouri Hospital Association and the Hospital Industry Data Institute. They found the data through secondary sources such as hospital inpatient and outpatient discharge databases and the Nielson-Claritas 2014 Popfacts Premier which is an overview of the demographics, populations, and census information. They compared how many people had been hospitalized for use of painkillers in respect to their zip codes.
- I wonder how HIPPA interfered with this study and what difficulties they had obtaining the confidential patient information. Also, I think that they should have changed the way that they framed and worded this study. They are almost misleading by titling the study ” Painkiller Abuse Has Soared in Missouri in the Last Decade”. It should have been titled, “Hospital Admissions due to Painkiller Use Has Soared in Missouri in the Last Decade”. By leaving out the fact that the study was based off of those that had been admitted, not all people using, it skews the information.
1.) This article shows the average amount that college students spend on textbook each year. It found that the average amount is $1,200 which has grown 82% in the last 10 years. I chose this post because it is something that I have personally experienced. I also found it interesting that the amount spent each year has grown exponentially.
2.) This study was conducted by the U.S. Public Interest Research Group through the use of surveys. Two thousand students were surveyed from 33 states and 156 different campuses. From what was shown in the article, it looks as though they asked questions about how much they spend on average per year on books, how much their tuition is, if they attend a university or a community college, if the cost of textbooks had every stopped them from buying them, and if so, if they were concerned that this might effect their grades.
3.) This article included links to articles such as “8 Ways to Save Money on College Textbooks” and “How to Find Cheap College Textbooks”. This made me wonder if this study was skewed in a way that might have caused participants to answer questions in the ways that researchers wanted them to, or if the articles were placed there after they found their results.
— Daily Infographic (@DailyInfographc) September 18, 2015
1. This post shows statistical data about Airbnb, an app that connects people looking for temporary places to stay with those willing to open up their homes to host people at a low price. The statistics show who uses Airbnb, how they use it, and why they use it. I chose this study because I thought it was an interesting subject, since Airbnb has recently been becoming more popular and widely accepted.
2. The data from this tweet was solely collected from Jumpshot.com, a marketing analytics company, who collects data from 115 million panelists. These panelists are from every country except for 5. The data collected is coming from users of PCs, Macs, smartphones, and tablets.
3. Who do these panelists consist of and how are they recruited? Would this cause a Hawthorne effect since they know that their every move is being analyzed?
— Jens Manuel Krogstad (@jensmanuel) September 10, 2015
1. This post shows the shift in poverty in the U.S. in the past 55 years. The study found that poverty has shifted from the South to the more urban areas such as Chicago or Los Angeles. I chose this post because the way that they used the color coded map to show the change in poverty caught my eye. I thought it was interesting that there has been such a drastic shift in poverty in the past 55 years.
2. The data in this tweet came from two sources. The first was the Pew Research Center’s analysis on the 2012 American Community Survey, which used 5 year estimates. The second was the 1960 decennial census. They compared the income and the geographical locations on both of them.
3. Could there be a degree of inaccuracy due to the fact that these census’ are quantitative rather than qualitative? There could be sources of income in these urban areas that might not be recorded or that might be easier to explain with a qualitative survey.