- This article explores the various choices the Affordable Care Act gives Americans and which choice influenced their decision the most. For example, it shows that 41% of Americans said that the monetary amount of the premium affected their choice of a plan. The study also showed that 4% of those surveyed had no idea what they were doing.
- The Commonwealth Fund Affordable Care Act Tracking Survey, March–May 2015, was conducted by SSRS from March 9, 2015, to May 3, 2015. The survey consisted of 16-minute telephone interviews in English or Spanish and was conducted among a random, nationally representative sample of 4,881 adults, ages 19 to 64, living in the United States. Overall, 2,203 interviews were conducted on landline telephones and 2,678 interviews on cellular phones, including 1,729 with respondents who lived in households with no landline telephone access.
- a.) How do these numbers compare to those of private health care providers? b.) How do these numbers compare to other country’s plans?
- This infographic takes a wide angle look at college students money spending habits. The infographic reveals data on student spendings from food and drinks to marijuana. The infographic also reveals how students get their income, whether that be from a job, their parents, etc.
- The data in the infographic is all secondary data gathered by the graphics creators, Speedon Data. They gathered data from various sources including The National center for Education Statistics. They also gathered data from individual studies like “Market Focus- College Students,” and “Enrollment Fastfacts.” All of these studies were conducted on college students around the U.S.
- a. How do 99% of students spend money on food, shouldn’t it be 100%? b. Why are students seen as such a lucrative demographic?
- This tweet covers the history of aviation accidents around the globe. I chose it because it is an interesting study and may bring some relief to those who are paranoid about flying or may add to the paranoia of those who don’t understand that even the most airline deaths in a year, 2,375, is less than 1/10th of 1% of the world population. Interestingly, the infographic includes very specific detail regarding the most dangerous place to sit on an airplane and the most dangerous attitude to be at.
- This infographic was created based on secondary research. The creators Jane Pong and Adolfo Arranz credit sources such as “Aviation-Safty.net,””Boeing,” “Greenwich University,” and “Aerointernational.de.” Pong and Arranz took the information they got from these sources and the Jet Airliner Crash Data Evaluation Center’s “Annual Safety Calculations which include hull loss accidents and incidents in the past 30 years in relation to revenue passenger kilometers.” The creators of the info graphic looked at the number of airline deaths a year, and averaged out where in the airplane those deaths occurred and what altitude those deaths occurred at to create the infographic.
- I have two questions in regard to the infographic.
- Does this include private airlines or just commercial airlines?
- How do these death rates compare to other modes of transportation? i.e. Trains, busses, cars, and boats.
While Norris et al. was able to compile a list of over 20 difference definitions for the term ‘resilience’, they conclude that the word basically means the ability to succeed despite facing difficulties, or in essence, to be able to adapt. Community resilience, then, can be called a collective group’s (a community’s) ability to push through and adapt to difficult situations or stressors.
A stressor can differ in their strength, duration, and how unexpected they were. These stressors also present danger, of which there are two kinds:
- Known unknowns: These are the dangers that you know are possible, but it can’t be predicted when they will occur.
- Unknown unknowns: These are the dangers that are new to you and are both unfamiliar and unpredictable.
According to Comfort (2005),
Information may be the primary resource in technical and organizational systems that enables adaptive performance
This means having good communication strategies is essential for community resilience, as well as a community’s ability to recover after a crisis. Some such strategies may include:
- Correctly transmitting correct information from a trusted, reliable source: During a crisis, citizens won’t have a whole lot of spare time on their hands, so it’s imperative they know where they can go to quickly find useful, reliable information about the circumstances.
- The presence of communal narratives: These are narratives composed by individuals who were directly affected by the crisis and can give in-depth detail of what occurred and how it affected them. These narratives are important to community resilience because they create a shared experience and purpose amongst community members which can make the community feel more connected and, in turn, resilient.
- The media must be careful how they frame a crisis situation: The media is obviously going to play a large role in how the public perceives what is going on and how others are reacting to a crisis situation. Tierney et al. suggests that if the media exaggerates instances of criminal behavior taking place in a crisis, then police who would otherwise be helping survivors would instead be pursuing criminals, leaving less help for survivors. This would undoubtedly put a damper on community resilience, as the citizens would feel as though the community as a whole isn’t putting the proper effort into adapting and conquering the situation.
These examples are just a few communication strategies which play a huge role in community resilience. As Norris et al., said,
Community resilience has extraordinary value as a strategy for disaster readiness,
That means it is imperative that proper communication strategies are used to ensure that communities are as prepared as possible for any disaster or crisis that heads their way.
A process linking a network of adaptive capacities (resources with dynamic attributes) to adaptation after a disturbance or adversity.
- Be able to collaborate effectively in in identifying the problems and needs of the community
- Be able to achieve a working consensus on goals and priorities
- Be able to agree on ways and means to implement the agreed upon goals
- Be able to collaborate effectively in the required actions
When disaster strikes, communities receive attention and support. Response to these events can provide much needed assistance, but what about when the spotlight leaves the victims? Communities still remain affected, and just because an event fades from the news cycle, does not mean it has not permanently affected a community.
An argument is made that resilience doesn’t come without hiccups.
Lasting as long as several weeks…some distress is a normal reaction to an abnormal event.
The distress of an event leads a community to adapt — a central point in establishing resilience. A community, in order to move on from a disaster, must be able to absorb the shock, redirect the energy in a positive way, and then adapt. It must use the situation in a way that will allow the community to build on what has happened.
Communities that have strong social capital are most likely to adapt. In the case of Joplin, a town that had a closely knit community fabric was able to bond together, respond to the disaster, and quickly find enough help to clear the disaster zone. Joplin had social capital in the sense that the town had no seams tearing it apart before its fabric had to withstand the winds of a terrible tornado.
To access social capital, one of the primary resources of any community, local people must be engaged meaningfully in every step of the mitigation process.
Harnessing social capital bleeds into other areas of resilience in disaster response. With a strong social capital, communities can develop the support needed for everything else: economic resources, organizational networks, interventions, and action plans.
I believe that the availability of public media is essential to a successful and thriving community. Public media distributes important information about culture, crisis communication, city services, and community resources. All of this information is distributed through TV, radio, print media, and the internet, and plays a major part in bringing communities closer together. Without public media, communities would not be as well connected and would not work as a unified system. People would not be warned in time if there was inclement weather or a natural disaster. They would not know where to find information about their communities public leaders or new laws. People would also have a much more difficult time learning about local cultural events and entertainment which can play a large part in shaping a community and its citizens. Without public media, our world would be stuck in the dark age. Therefore, public media is one of the most important aspects of a community and a vital part of its future and growth.