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Posts Tagged ‘Community’

Blog 7 Affordable Care Act Influences

November 16, 2015 Leave a comment

  1. This article explores the various choices the Affordable Care Act gives Americans and which choice influenced their decision the most. For example, it shows that 41% of Americans said that the monetary amount of the premium affected their choice of a plan. The study also showed that 4% of those surveyed had no idea what they were doing. 
  2. The Commonwealth Fund Affordable Care Act Tracking Survey, March–May 2015, was conducted by SSRS from March 9, 2015, to May 3, 2015. The survey consisted of 16-minute telephone interviews in English or Spanish and was conducted among a random, nationally representative sample of 4,881 adults, ages 19 to 64, living in the United States. Overall, 2,203 interviews were conducted on landline telephones and 2,678 interviews on cellular phones, including 1,729 with respondents who lived in households with no landline telephone access.
  3. a.) How do these numbers compare to those of private health care providers? b.) How do these numbers compare to other country’s plans?
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Blog Post # 5: Where Students Money Goes

October 13, 2015 Leave a comment
  1. This infographic takes a wide angle look at college students money spending habits. The infographic reveals data on student spendings from food and drinks to marijuana. The infographic also reveals how students get their income, whether that be from a job, their parents, etc.
  2. The data in the infographic is all secondary data gathered by the graphics creators, Speedon Data. They gathered data from various sources including The National center for Education Statistics. They also gathered data from individual studies like “Market Focus- College Students,” and “Enrollment Fastfacts.” All of these studies were conducted on college students around the U.S.
  3. a. How do 99% of students spend money on food, shouldn’t it be 100%? b. Why are students seen as such a lucrative demographic?

Blog Post #3 A Historical Look at Aviation Accidents

September 25, 2015 Leave a comment
  1. This tweet covers the history of aviation accidents around the globe. I chose it because it is an interesting study and may bring some relief to those who are paranoid about flying or may add to the paranoia of those who don’t understand that even the most airline deaths in a year, 2,375, is less than 1/10th of 1% of the world population. Interestingly, the infographic includes very specific detail regarding the most dangerous place to sit on an airplane and the most dangerous attitude to be at.
  2. This infographic was created based on secondary research. The creators Jane Pong and Adolfo Arranz credit sources such as “Aviation-Safty.net,””Boeing,” “Greenwich University,” and “Aerointernational.de.” Pong and Arranz took the information they got from these sources and the Jet Airliner Crash Data Evaluation Center’s “Annual Safety Calculations which include hull loss accidents and incidents in the past 30 years in relation to revenue passenger kilometers.” The creators of the info graphic looked at the number of airline deaths a year, and averaged out where in the airplane those deaths occurred and what altitude those deaths occurred at to create the infographic.
  3. I have two questions in regard to the infographic.
    1. Does this include private airlines or just commercial airlines?
    2. How do these death rates compare to other modes of transportation? i.e. Trains, busses, cars, and boats.

Blog #5: Communication and Community Resilience

November 7, 2011 Leave a comment

While Norris et al. was able to compile a list of over 20 difference definitions for the term ‘resilience’, they conclude that the word basically means the ability to succeed despite facing difficulties, or in essence, to be able to adapt. Community resilience, then, can be called a collective group’s (a community’s) ability to push through and adapt to difficult situations or stressors.

Not this kind of stress. Although stressors may make one feel like this.

A stressor can differ in their strength, duration, and how unexpected they were. These stressors also present danger, of which there are two kinds:

  • Known unknowns: These are the dangers that you know are possible, but it can’t be predicted when they will occur.
  • Unknown unknowns: These are the dangers that are new to you and are both unfamiliar and unpredictable.

According to Comfort (2005),

Information may be the primary resource in technical and organizational systems that enables adaptive performance

Resilience

Good communication makes for strong community resilience.

This means having good communication strategies is essential for community resilience, as well as a community’s ability to recover after a crisis. Some such strategies may include:

  • Correctly transmitting correct information from a trusted, reliable source: During a crisis, citizens won’t have a whole lot of spare time on their hands, so it’s imperative they know where they can go to quickly find useful, reliable information about the circumstances.
  • The presence of communal narratives: These are narratives composed by individuals who were directly affected by the crisis and can give in-depth detail of what occurred and how it affected them. These narratives are important to community resilience because they create a shared experience and purpose amongst community members which can make the community feel more connected and, in turn, resilient.
  • The media must be careful how they frame a crisis situation: The media is obviously going to play a large role in how the public perceives what is going on and how others are reacting to a crisis situation. Tierney et al. suggests that if the media exaggerates instances of criminal behavior taking place in a crisis, then police who would otherwise be helping survivors would instead be pursuing criminals, leaving less help for survivors. This would undoubtedly put a damper on community resilience, as the citizens would feel as though the community as a whole isn’t putting the proper effort into adapting and conquering the situation.

These examples are just a few communication strategies which play a huge role in community resilience. As Norris et al., said,

Community resilience has extraordinary value as a strategy for disaster readiness,

Thanks to good communication and strong community resilience, yes, yes we are.

That means it is imperative that proper communication strategies are used to ensure that communities are as prepared as possible for any disaster or crisis that heads their way.

Blog 5: Community Resilience and Communication

November 7, 2011 Leave a comment
Most of the time when a disaster occurs it takes a community by surprise and even if they knew it was coming  it still affects them in serious ways. One way to combat disaster effects is by resistance, which is when the community has enough resources before the disaster to block the disastrous effects of a crisis.  Unfortunately, this type of response to a crisis usually only happens to an event that happen quite frequently. What usually happens after a crisis is that a community needs to create resilience.  According to Norris et al. (2007) community resilience is defined as,
A process linking a network of adaptive capacities (resources with dynamic attributes) to adaptation after a disturbance or adversity.
This basically means that the community has the ability to obtain and use their economic, communicative and social resources to bounce back from a disaster as quickly as possible. One important aspect to increase community resilience is the use of communication strategies.
The first important communication aspect needed for community resilience is as Norris et al. (2011) states  a “trusted source of information” During a disaster there is so much information going around that it is hard sometimes to find out which one is the right one or is just an exaggeration. It is important to have a trusted source that can communicate the expected risks and appropriate recommendations in order to bounce back from the disaster as soon as possible.
Also very important  to community resilience is that the community before a crisis, should set up a hotline or some sort of information line that community members can call in so that they can get correct information straight from the source instead of relying on speculation.
Another overlooked component for community resilience that involves communication is the community narrative. This is when the  members of the community discuss their own personal experiences during a disaster. Norris et al (2011). use September 11th as an example of this technique on how members in that large community were able to heal and come together through hearing each other stories from that horrific day.
How well the members work together is also important when trying to maximize community resiliency, this technique is called community competence. According to Norris et al. members need to:
  1. Be able to collaborate effectively in in identifying the problems and needs of the community
  2. Be able to achieve a working consensus on goals and priorities
  3. Be able to agree on ways and means to implement the agreed upon goals
  4. Be able to collaborate effectively in the required actions
All these steps requires effective communication in order to work well within a group. If members can communicate to each other, identify what the problem is and figure out a cohesive goal, it enables them to be have better community resiliency. However, if  there are many different subgroups trying to make decisions and no one can agree because there isn’t enough communication it may draw out the length of recovery due to confusion and anger.
Finally, Norris et al. touches on things that communication does that enhances community resilience that we read and discussed about ICS in class. Both say that in order to get through a crisis the communities must assess what the community members need and involve them in the solving of the crisis, communicate and gather resources needed especially for the most damaged areas, enact professional relationships and networks with organizations prior to the disaster so that they can help you when a crisis occurs, establish a place where members can communicate with each other an example being social networks like twitter, and finally establish a crisis plan that is flexible and can adjust to change.
All in all, communication is an extremely important feature in a communities recovery from a disaster. It may be very difficult to have community resistance after an unexpected disaster but with these proper communication strategies, they can definitely increase their community resilience after a disaster.

Blog 5: Community Resilience

When disaster strikes, communities receive attention and support. Response to these events can provide much needed assistance, but what about when the spotlight leaves the victims? Communities still remain affected, and just because an event fades from the news cycle, does not mean it has not permanently affected a community.

When an EF-5 tornado struck Joplin, Mo., on May 22, 2011, the national media swarmed in to cover the response. Long after these satellite trucks left, the community showed signs of resilience.

An argument is made that resilience doesn’t come without hiccups.

Lasting as long as several weeks…some distress is a normal reaction to an abnormal event.

The distress of an event leads a community to adapt — a central point in establishing resilience. A community, in order to move on from a disaster, must be able to absorb the shock, redirect the energy in a positive way, and then adapt. It must use the situation in a way that will allow the community to build on what has happened.

Communities that have strong social capital are most likely to adapt. In the case of Joplin, a town that had a closely knit community fabric was able to bond together, respond to the disaster, and quickly find enough help to clear the disaster zone. Joplin had social capital in the sense that the town had no seams tearing it apart before its fabric had to withstand the winds of a terrible tornado.

To access social capital, one of the primary resources of any community, local people must be engaged meaningfully in every step of the mitigation process.

Harnessing social capital bleeds into other areas of resilience in disaster response. With a strong social capital, communities can develop the support needed for everything else: economic resources, organizational networks, interventions, and action plans.

Blog 4: Public Media in Communities

November 7, 2011 1 comment

I believe that the availability of public media is essential to a successful and thriving community. Public media distributes important information about culture, crisis communication, city services, and community resources. All of this information is distributed through TV, radio, print media, and the internet, and plays a major part in bringing communities closer together. Without public media, communities would not be as well connected and would not work as a unified system. People would not be warned in time if there was inclement weather or a natural disaster. They would not know where to find information about their communities public leaders or new laws. People would also have a much more difficult time learning about local cultural events and entertainment which can play a large part in shaping a community and its citizens. Without public media, our world would be stuck in the dark age. Therefore, public media is one of the most important aspects of a community and a vital part of its future and growth.