- This tweet covers the history of aviation accidents around the globe. I chose it because it is an interesting study and may bring some relief to those who are paranoid about flying or may add to the paranoia of those who don’t understand that even the most airline deaths in a year, 2,375, is less than 1/10th of 1% of the world population. Interestingly, the infographic includes very specific detail regarding the most dangerous place to sit on an airplane and the most dangerous attitude to be at.
- This infographic was created based on secondary research. The creators Jane Pong and Adolfo Arranz credit sources such as “Aviation-Safty.net,””Boeing,” “Greenwich University,” and “Aerointernational.de.” Pong and Arranz took the information they got from these sources and the Jet Airliner Crash Data Evaluation Center’s “Annual Safety Calculations which include hull loss accidents and incidents in the past 30 years in relation to revenue passenger kilometers.” The creators of the info graphic looked at the number of airline deaths a year, and averaged out where in the airplane those deaths occurred and what altitude those deaths occurred at to create the infographic.
- I have two questions in regard to the infographic.
- Does this include private airlines or just commercial airlines?
- How do these death rates compare to other modes of transportation? i.e. Trains, busses, cars, and boats.
There is no doubt that disaster will occur, and people will be involved with a crisis somehow or another. The thing that is important to think about though is whether you will be permanently damaged by this crisis, whether you will be resistant to the crisis, or whether you will be resilient.
Resilience is a process linking a set of adaptive capacities to a positive trajectory of functioning and adaptation after a disturbance. What this means is that after a crisis occurs, whether it be as catastrophic as an earthquake or hurricane, or simply breaking up with your significant other, you are able to bounce back. There are usually three options for a response to a crisis:
1. Permanent damage – you never recover from a crisis, with it usually settling in depression and haunting you for the rest of your life.
2 . Resistance – shrugging off a crisis as though you never cared and it does not affect you. This can end in mounting hidden resentment or simply you becoming a stoic, unemotional person.
3. Resilience – being affected by a crisis, but being able to come to terms with it and move on from it in a good way.
Option 3 is obviously the best of the three, however it is also very difficult to do. There are many factors that play into this. Four main factors of this are:
1. Economic Development
2. Social Capital
3. Community Competence
4. Information and communication
If you make all 4 of these your top priority then you will be well on your way to recovering from any crisis.
While Norris et al. was able to compile a list of over 20 difference definitions for the term ‘resilience’, they conclude that the word basically means the ability to succeed despite facing difficulties, or in essence, to be able to adapt. Community resilience, then, can be called a collective group’s (a community’s) ability to push through and adapt to difficult situations or stressors.
A stressor can differ in their strength, duration, and how unexpected they were. These stressors also present danger, of which there are two kinds:
- Known unknowns: These are the dangers that you know are possible, but it can’t be predicted when they will occur.
- Unknown unknowns: These are the dangers that are new to you and are both unfamiliar and unpredictable.
According to Comfort (2005),
Information may be the primary resource in technical and organizational systems that enables adaptive performance
This means having good communication strategies is essential for community resilience, as well as a community’s ability to recover after a crisis. Some such strategies may include:
- Correctly transmitting correct information from a trusted, reliable source: During a crisis, citizens won’t have a whole lot of spare time on their hands, so it’s imperative they know where they can go to quickly find useful, reliable information about the circumstances.
- The presence of communal narratives: These are narratives composed by individuals who were directly affected by the crisis and can give in-depth detail of what occurred and how it affected them. These narratives are important to community resilience because they create a shared experience and purpose amongst community members which can make the community feel more connected and, in turn, resilient.
- The media must be careful how they frame a crisis situation: The media is obviously going to play a large role in how the public perceives what is going on and how others are reacting to a crisis situation. Tierney et al. suggests that if the media exaggerates instances of criminal behavior taking place in a crisis, then police who would otherwise be helping survivors would instead be pursuing criminals, leaving less help for survivors. This would undoubtedly put a damper on community resilience, as the citizens would feel as though the community as a whole isn’t putting the proper effort into adapting and conquering the situation.
These examples are just a few communication strategies which play a huge role in community resilience. As Norris et al., said,
Community resilience has extraordinary value as a strategy for disaster readiness,
That means it is imperative that proper communication strategies are used to ensure that communities are as prepared as possible for any disaster or crisis that heads their way.
Resilience is the ability for a community to come back from a crisis. For example, when 9/11 occurred, the United States had to come together as a country and recover from the incident. If Americans did not unite after 9/11, the country would have basically fallen apart. According to The American Psychological Association there are ten ways to build resilience:
- Make connections
- Avoiding seeing crisis as insurmountable problems
- Accept that change is a part of living
- Move toward your goals
- Take decisive action
- Look for opportunities for self-discovery
- Nurture a positive view
- Maintain a hopeful outlook
- Take care of yourself
- Additional ways of strengthening resilience may be helpful
Although these steps are meant for individuals, they can easily be applied to communities. For example, if people in a community do not have connections with one another, they will not feel compelled to work together and solve whatever issues they may be facing. Another step says to take decisive action. We all have been in a situation where no one will make a decision. It become counter productive and nothing ever gets solves. People need to be willing to make hard choices, while keeping in mind what is good for the community. A third step says to maintain a hopeful outlook. It is important for the people involved in the tragedy to keep their hope. Without it, people begin to give up.
Above is a list of six important steps in maintaining resilience. By having these six domains, a community should be able to come together and recover. Community members need to remember all the above mentioned steps to keep increase resilience. A community that keeps these steps in mind will be better prepared to come back from a disaster or crisis.
Facebook and Twitter are something that many of us use daily. I for one know that I use these forms of social networking many times a day and a day without it would feel like a day where I felt like I was cut off from the world. I think that both networks of social media are a good source to be used during a disaster response. I only say this because of two inventions app and cell phone. Without these networks making it so no matter where you are or what phone you have you can receive tweets and updates makes it a very valuable source in a crisis. Twitter is something I like to call public texting. It’s 140 characters long, which is probably about the average length of a text message. I think that it’s a good source during a crisis because you can be alerted of what’s going on continuously during a crisis and what you should do. Some people have jobs that focus soley on tweeting out information. For NBC i know in the news room they have a social media desk where all the people at the stations job is to constantly update information onto the networking sites. With news information being broadcasted continuously it could help in a crisis situation. As for facebook I think it’s more of an after effect help, if you want to donate money like this, if you want weekly updates about this subject add it is a friend. I think facebook is not made for minute by minute updates like twitter, which is why I put it for more after the crisis, but it still could certainly work during as well. Speaking personally, I find out most of my information first via twitter, whether it be a national crisis, politics, pop culture etc. It all depends on who you follow and what is trending. For example my time line has been buzzing about Kim Kardashian and her divorce after 72 days. If you follow a Kardashian or may deem it important or not you can still see that is a topic people are talking about by seeing what is trending. I also found out that Steve Jobs died via twitter. I think it’s a reliable source that could be used, if used efficiently, during a crisis.