— Washington Post (@washingtonpost) August 29, 2015
- The United States has spent nearly one trillion dollars on disaster relief funds. The article breaks down the expenses to compare costs of each weather disaster that has affected the country.
- The data for these expenses was collected by the National Centers for Environmental Information from 1980 to 2014.
- In 2014, wildfires ravaged in California and I’m curious ton its comparison to the 1991 Oakland firestorm.
A process linking a network of adaptive capacities (resources with dynamic attributes) to adaptation after a disturbance or adversity.
- Be able to collaborate effectively in in identifying the problems and needs of the community
- Be able to achieve a working consensus on goals and priorities
- Be able to agree on ways and means to implement the agreed upon goals
- Be able to collaborate effectively in the required actions
Facebook and Twitter are something that many of us use daily. I for one know that I use these forms of social networking many times a day and a day without it would feel like a day where I felt like I was cut off from the world. I think that both networks of social media are a good source to be used during a disaster response. I only say this because of two inventions app and cell phone. Without these networks making it so no matter where you are or what phone you have you can receive tweets and updates makes it a very valuable source in a crisis. Twitter is something I like to call public texting. It’s 140 characters long, which is probably about the average length of a text message. I think that it’s a good source during a crisis because you can be alerted of what’s going on continuously during a crisis and what you should do. Some people have jobs that focus soley on tweeting out information. For NBC i know in the news room they have a social media desk where all the people at the stations job is to constantly update information onto the networking sites. With news information being broadcasted continuously it could help in a crisis situation. As for facebook I think it’s more of an after effect help, if you want to donate money like this, if you want weekly updates about this subject add it is a friend. I think facebook is not made for minute by minute updates like twitter, which is why I put it for more after the crisis, but it still could certainly work during as well. Speaking personally, I find out most of my information first via twitter, whether it be a national crisis, politics, pop culture etc. It all depends on who you follow and what is trending. For example my time line has been buzzing about Kim Kardashian and her divorce after 72 days. If you follow a Kardashian or may deem it important or not you can still see that is a topic people are talking about by seeing what is trending. I also found out that Steve Jobs died via twitter. I think it’s a reliable source that could be used, if used efficiently, during a crisis.
I think social media sites like Facebook and Twitter are some of the most relevant places for people (especially college-aged) to find out information. For example, I found out Kim Kardashian was getting a divorce because I got on Twitter. While this may not be a “disaster” it still proves that these media sources are very crucial when it comes to finding out information.
When you watch the news, it is on at a given time everyday. Whereas Facebook and Twitter are always accessible. I can go online anytime, almost anywhere are find out news. Friends of friends can repost and retweet and I can see the information. If I miss something on the news, I have to wait until the next showing to get my information.
I think people are attracted to social media because they pick when and how they receive their news. Most people like things short and sweet, Twitter especially appeals to this type of audience. If a disaster has occurred, most people will look to Twitter or Facebook for their information. Disaster centers can put their information up on these social media websites, and trust that people will pass the message along.
When evaluating the effectiveness of Twitter and Facebook in disaster response it is important to assess how the two social networking sites fit into our discussion of the duty to inform because the sites are a heterogeneous channel being used to reach heterogeneous targets. During this period of informing the information must be easily understood and accessible, and these sites meet these requirements.
Both Facebook and Twitter are widespread social networking sites, making it easy for information to spread quickly through their users. In March 2011 Twitter reportedly had 175 million users. Facebook currently has more than 800 million users, 50% of which log in on any given day. Facebook also offers more than 70 languages and has mobile device capabilities. With all of these users not only does information spread quickly, but with diversity such as Facebook information also spreads to multiple groups of people (targets).
In addition to acting as a method of quickly spreading news to multiple targets, social networking sites can also act as alternative means of communication. If there were a disaster in which phone and/or TV communication were not accessible, these sites could be the medium in which people stayed informed on how to prepare, what actions should be taken, and the updates of the disaster.
Below is a link to an example of how Twitter can act in regards to a disaster. MyJourneyNews tweeted: “Thailand flooding update October 31, 2011: Yingluck says flooding…” The link then takes you to Newley.com where the flooding in Thailand is reported on. The information seen in the link in this tweet provides an overview of what to expect in the coming days of the flooding, images of the flooding, a map in which allows people to get an idea of flooding in specific areas, and related news articles.